щит герба; орнаментальный щит; доска с названием судна
- The handles themselves are most commonly formed of a plain bronze strip, pierced at the end and riveted through the escutcheon or upper binding strip, allowing the handle to swivel.
- Finally there are "augmentations of office", such as the escutcheon borne by the Kingsley family, sometime hereditary foresters of Delamere in Cheshire - argent a bugle stringed sable - and the "augmentations" allowed to bishops and other dignitaries of dimidiating their personal arms with those of their office.
- The gentlemen of this hereditary (non-peerage) rank, of the creations of England, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, are permitted a canton (or an escutcheon) showing the "bloody hand of Ulster" - argent a sinister hand couped at the wrist gules .
- Gentlemen who were early baronets of Scotland were authorised to charge their arms with a canton (or escutcheon) carrying the arms of the province of Nova Scotia - argent on a saltire azure an escutcheon of the Royal Amis of Scotland .
- Strictly speaking, therefore, impalement and the use of an escutcheon of pretence is marshalling at its simplest.
- To be fair, it is almost impossible to recognise augmentations at first sight, for they take many and sundry forms - such as a small escutcheon similar to that of pretence, a chief, a crest, a canton, a chevron, or, in the case of Sir Francis Drake, a complete coat of arms.
- The second system of marshalling armorial bearings to broadcast marital relationship is to adopt an "escutcheon of pretence".
- Valuable clues to marital alliances are contained in two conventions for the depiction of armorial bearings of a man and his wife, known as impalement and escutcheon of pretence.
- Others may be in a Celtic tradition, such as one from Twyford (Leicestershire) with a moulded ox-head on the escutcheon (Hawkes and Smith 1957), and that from Souldern (Oxfordshire) (Kennett 1975) whose stylised anthropomorphic face is reminiscent of the late prehistoric bucket from Aylesford (Kent) (Evans 1890, p. 363).
- Perhaps the greatest variation is in the form of the type of mount, or escutcheon, for the handle.
- Beside the glitter of all the Pacific wealth there are still pockets - becoming ever smaller, the governments and their statisticians insist - where the unhappiness and squalor of the inhabitants remain an insult, a disfiguring blot on the Ocean's otherwise gleaming escutcheon.
- The most notable group with plate escutcheon mounts are those with arcade and dot decoration in repouss , which are allied to an extensive Continental group, although the English examples vary slightly (Arnold 1982a, pp. 58-;9) and are concentrated in central southern England.
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